ESSO - Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

(An Autonomous Body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)
Home ITCOocean Modelling for Ocean Forecasting and Process Studies

Modelling for Ocean Forecasting and Process Studies
during 6-10 December 2021
Organized by
Indian Ocean Global Ocean Observing System (IOGOOS)


Course overview :

The dependence of humans on the surrounding oceans has a long history. People depend on oceans for transportation, food, medicine, and many other natural resources. Also, the weather and climate of most parts of the world are determined by the oceans, which cover about 2/3 of the earth's surface. Changing climate imposes threats on the coastal regions due to sea level rise, increase in natural hazards and weather patterns. Hence, understanding the oceans around us and predicting the state of ocean in the timescales from a few hours to a few hundreds of years has become essential for the safety of those who are involved in maritime operations as well as the cost-effectiveness of such operations and the well-being of humankind through our preparedness. Establishment of observational networks and deployment of satellites have increased the availability of important data required to monitor the oceans. Based on these observations, oceanographers have enhanced knowledge of the ocean processes and developed mathematical models to represent their state and circulation. These models are used to (i) represent and forecast the state of the ocean (ii) to study different oceanographic processes.
The purpose of this course is to introduce the basic concepts of physical and dynamic oceanography and numerical modeling of the ocean general circulation, waves, tides, etc to participants. The lectures will be planned in the context of operational applications of ocean modeling. Major topics to be covered in the course are

Aims and Objectives

  • Fundamentals of Physical Oceanography and Ocean Circulation in the context of Indian Ocean.
  • Elements of Ocean Circulation Modeling.
  • Numerical modeling of waves, tides, Tsunami and storm surge.
  • Basics of operational ocean forecast systems.

Learning Outcomes

  • Knowledge on Ocean circulation models.
  • Knowledge on various circulation in Indian Ocean, Waves, tides, Tsunamis etc.
  • Elements of operational forecasting.
  • Value added products generation using operational forecasts..

Target Audience

  • Masters students in Physical Oceanography, Physics, Mathematics, or related fields
  • Research Scholars in any branch of Oceanography
  • Young Scientists working in the field of Physical oceanography/ Atmospheric Science / Operational forecasting.

Application Process :  

All the applicants need to fill-in the application form along with the supporting documents, if any. The selection will be made based on the information provided in the application, wherein preference will be provided to the Early Career Young Professionals and students who are directly working for institutions that have relevance to biological observations.

Period for Applications: September 17, 2021 - November 15, 2021

Course Pre-requisites :

  • Candidates should have completed their undergraduate degree with Oceanography / Physics / Mathematics / Meteorology as one of their main subjects.
  • Good working knowledge of English
  • A Certificate of Participation will be issued to all successful students upon providing feedback form and submission of assignments (if applicable).

Course Dates :

December 6 - 10, 2021 from 1100 Hrs to 1600 Hrs (All timings in IST (GMT + 5:30 Hrs)).

Last Date to recieve application :

The online application will be November 15, 2021 @ 1730 Hrs of IST

Selection Intimation:

November 22, 2021

Venue :

Hybrid platform (Online and Physical - link will be sent to all shortlisted candidates attending online)
International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean)
Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)
Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India,
"Ocean Valley", Pragathi Nagar (B.O), Nizampet (S.O)
Hyderabad - 500 090, INDIA.

Faculty Members :

The Faculty is drawn from International and National experts working in the field of Physical Oceanography, ocean modelling, Operational Forecasting etc. mainly from Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), India.


  • International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) / Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO
    • IOC Perth Regional Programme Office and
    • IOC's Sub Commission for Africa & the Adjacent Island States (IOCAFRICA)

For Any questions please contact:

Regional Training Centre Coordinator :

  • Dr.T V S Udaya Bhaskar (

Course Agenda:

Inaugural session : 6-12-2021 from 1030 hrs to 1100hrs

Time (IST)

6-12-2021 (Monday)

7-12-2021 (Tuesday)

8-12-2021 (Wednesday)

9-12-2021 (Thursday)

10-12-2021 (Friday)


Ocean Waves - basics, characteristics in deep & shallow waters, wave spectrum, model generation & classes (PKB)
[Presentation/Video ]

Storm surges - tropical cyclones, characteristics of storm surges, coastal inundation (PKB)
[Presentation/Video ]

Mixed Layer Processes - surface temperature and salinity, air-sea heat fluxes, evaporation, precipitation, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal (VVJ)
[Presentation /Video ]

Estuaries- river discharge and tides, mixing and stratification, estuarine circulation, modelling estuarine processes (VVJ)

[Presentation/Video ]

Elements of Operational Ocean Forecast Systems and their applications (PAF)

[Presentation/Video ]


Introduction to ocean circulation (CGN)
[Video ]

Numerical modeling of ocean waves & operational use; Modeling Tides and Water level elevation (PKB)
[Presentation /Video ]

Equatorial waves, IOD and ENSO (PAF)

[  Video ]

Heterogeneous data for ocean modeling studies. (UB)

[Presentation/Video ]

Basic concepts of data assimilation (AP)

[Presentation/Video ]

1300-1400 (Lunch Break)


Arabian Sea Primary Production and Nutrient & Carbon Cycling (VVA)
[Presentation /Video ]

Nutrient Limitations of Arabian Sea Primary and Secondary production and evolutions of subsurface chlorophyll maxima (VVA)
[Presentation/Video ]

Oxygen limitations and denitrification of the Arabian Sea (VVA)

[Presentation /Video ]

Monitoring and Forecasting the Biogeochemical State of the Indian Ocean  (KC)

[Presentation /Video ]

Transition from EnOI to EnKF based Data Assimilation (GB)


Brainstorming Session(1430-1700 hrs IST)



Ocean Tides - equilibrium & dynamical theories, tidal constituents, monitoring of tides & tidal currents, tide producing forces (PKB)
[Presentation/Video ]

Tsunami generation models, propagation, & flooding characteristics; Numerical models for storm surge prediction (PKB)
[Presentation /Video ]

Mixed Layer Processes - entrainment, detrainment, advection, shortwave penetration (VVJ)

[Presentation/Video ]

Basics of ocean circulation models (PAF)

[Presentation/Video ]


Tsunamis - causes & generation, travel time, measurement techniques, coastal vulnerability (PKB)
[Presentation/Video ]

North Indian Ocean currents (CGN)
[Presentation /Video ]

Introduction to Marine Ecosystem Modeling (KC)

[Presentation/Video ]

Elements of Operational Ocean Forecast Systems and their applications (PAF)

[Presentation/Video ]


Faculty Members:


Dr. C. Gnanaseelan


Dr. Vinu Valsala


Dr. V. Vijith


Prof. Prasad Kumar Bhaskaran


Dr. Kunal Chakraborty


Dr. Arya Paul


Dr. Gary Brassington


Dr. Francis P. A.


Dr. Udaya Bhaskar