ESSO - Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

(An Autonomous Body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)
Home ITCOocean IOCINDIO Workshop during 13 - 17 December, 2021

Methodologies and Approaches of coastal vulnerability and Advances in Operational Oceanography Science and Technology in the Indian Ocean
during 13 - 17 December, 2021

Goal: The goal of the workshop is to prepare guidelines for coastal vulnerability index and early warning systems for storm surges and provide these to all the countries in the region for becoming ready for the anticipated sea level rise. Based on these all the Countries in the region need to develop their codes and standards for the preparedness in face of consequences of storm surges and sea level rise.

The Challenge: In fact, the global climate change and the threat of accelerated sea-level rise exacerbate the already existing high risks of storm surges, severe waves and tsunamis in coastal areas. Climate change may not only enhance the most threatening extreme events but also aggravate long-term bio-geophysical effects, such as sea-level rise, shoreline erosion, sediment deficits, saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers and the loss of coastal wetlands. In light of these existing hazards and increasing risks in coastal regions, there is a great need to gain as much insight as possible into the exact nature and extent of possible risk increases related to future climate trends.

As per the IPCC predictions (i) If the whole world goes for renewable energy, the sea level will rise up to 25 cm by 2100. (ii) If 50 % of the world power generated from renewable and the rest is from conventional power sources, then the sea level rise will be up to 50 cm by 2100. (iii) Status quo, sea level rise will be up to 1 m by 2100.

For all the above scenarios, all the countries in the region should know the inundation and erosion threats and should be invited to take responsive remedial actions; for storm surges will increase the vulnerability to the those countries which are prone to cyclones.

The workshop activities include the following.

  • Identify and list the countries, which already have the coastal vulnerability index and those countries which are in need of guidance to prepare the same for their countries.
  • Identify and list those countries, which have developed or adopted early warning systems for storm surges and those countries which are in need of guidance to prepare the same for their country.
  • Review the guidelines in place for the north Indian Ocean to handle the storm surges and their coastal vulnerability maps.

The  workshop will:

  • Highlight the importance of studies, research and technology applications by each country for sustainable national coastal development.
  • Promote the development of scientific investigations and technology by interested countries.
  • Determine the economic and financial impacts of coastal vulnerability in terms of What if? (in terms of loss of human life, Economic and Financial damages and lost if NO Actions?). Local social and societal impacts on populations, stakeholders and businesses versus responsibilities of Municipalities.
  • In view of the looming threats due to climate change and the ever increasing need to mitigate and manage coastal hazards it is imperative to develop expertise among the coastal stakeholders and especially the government officials on the tools and techniques available to model and map the coastal vulnerability arising out of hazards such as sea level rise, storm surges, urban flooding, tsunamis etc.
  • Thus, this Workshop is conceived as forum where in experts form respective countries discuss their experiences and share their expertise and at the end arrive at a comprehensive guide lines for preparing Coastal Vulnerability Index for those countries lacking it.


Participants will exchange experiences and best practices about field data collection using GPS, satellite image processing, development of a spatial database in GIS, spatial analysis and interpretations of results for preparation of hazard maps for management purpose using case studies.

Workshop programme:

  • Coastal Risk & Vulnerability – Introduction
  • Sea Level Rise and its impact
  • Storm surge modelling and mapping
  • Coastal urban flooding
  • Coastal Inundation mapping
  • Tools, Instrumentations for field data collection
  • Coastal Vulnerability indices
  • Climate database and its utilization
  • Climate change, projections and impacts

Targeted audience

Scientists/experts in different fields from member countries of IOCINDIO along with experts from the premier Institutes of the host country including INCOIS, NCCR and NIOT.

The tentative schedule of the programme







IST (GMT+5:30)

11:00 - 12:00


05:30 - 06:30

Inaugural Session

- Self-introduction of all participants.

- IOCINDIO Chair's Message.

- Executive Secretary of IOC-UNESCO: Opening remarks.

- IOC Regional Liaison Officer: Setting the scene.

- Director INCOIS' Welcome address.

[Video ]

Bangladesh: Seasonal and long-term sea-level variations and their forcing factors in the Northern Bay of Bengal.

Dr. Azam Chowdhury, Univ of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

[Presentation/Video ]

India: Tsunami Hazard/Risk Assessment and Early warning System in the Indian Ocean

Mr. Ch. Patanjali Kumar, INCOIS

[Video ]

India: Costal Risk and Vulnerability -Indian Perspective

Dr. M. V. Ramana Murty, NCCR, India.

[Video ]

Discussion on preparation of guidelines for:

- coastal vulnerability indices.

- Tsunamis and Strom Surges.

- impact of climate changes on shorelines.


Impact of sea water intrusion and coastal erosion along Indus delta, Pakistan coast

Dr. Noor Ahmed, NIO, Pakistan

[Video ]

IST (GMT+5:30)

12:00 - 13:00


06:30 - 07:30

Kuwait: Coastal Vulnerability Index Calculation and Coastal Indices

Dr. S Neelamani, KISR, Kuwait

[Presentation/Video ]

Iran: National status of Coastal Vulnerability

Dr. Maryam Ghaemi, INIOAS, Iran.

[Presentation/Video ]

Myanmar: Coastal Vulnerability in Myanmar

Dr. Yin Myo Min Htwe, Myanmar

[Video ]

India: Coastal flooding & inundation Mapping

Dr. S. K. Dash, NCCR, India

[Presentation/Video ]

13:00 - 14:00

Lunch Break

IST (GMT+5:30)

14:00 - 15:00


08:30 - 09:30

India: Coastal hazard and Vulnerability tools and techniques

Dr. Tune Usha, NCCR, India.

[Presentation/Video ]

India: Strom Surge Modelling and Mapping

Dr. P L N Murty, INCOIS, India.

[/Video ]

Demonstration of Tsunami Standard Operating Procedures

Mr. J. Padmanabham

[Video ]

SACEP: Status on Coastal Vulnerability in the SACEP Member States Countries

Dr. Zammath Khaleel, SACEP

[Presentation/Video ]

IST (GMT+5:30)

15:00 - 16:00


09:30 - 10:30

India: Multi Hazard Vulnerability Services

Mr. R. S. Mahendra, INCOIS

[Presentation/Video ]

India: Shoreline change monitoring along the Indian coast

Dr. R. S. Kankara, NCCR

[Video ]

Discussions: Data sets for Coastal Vulnerability and climate change studies

Dr. TVS Udaya Bhaskar & All

[Video ]

India: Sea level changes and vulnerability an Indian perspective Dr Abhisek, INCOIS, India.

[Video ]