INCOIS Remote sensing data and products
To manage real-time applications; Ground stations play a key role in Satellite data acquisition and processing systems (SDAPS), INCOIS established 3 Ground stations(X/L- Since 2006, Oceansat2- since Feb2011 & NPP- Since Apr2016 ) to meet the in-house operational advisory services and acquire AVHRR (Metop-A, Metop-B, NOAA-18 & NOAA-19) , VIIRS (Soumi-NPP), MODIS (AQUA &TERRA) &OCM(Oceansat-2).
Fig: The schematic figure shows the data products and flows to the user and the application
Satellites provide broad viewing and frequent observations; INCOIS Ground Stations cover the Northern Indian Ocean domain (0 ° N-30 N; 40 ° E-110 E) for real-time operational marine applications. In the presentation, we will explain the basics of remote sensing and data collection methods from polar-orbit and geosynchronous satellites, as well as Ocean remote sensing applications with case studies as described below.
- Potential Fishing Zone (PFZ) Advisory
- Ocean State Forecast
- Coral Reef Mapping and Reef Health Monitoring
- Ocean phytoplankton & suspended sediment applications (River runoff)
- Sea Surface temperature (SST) monitoring
- Currents, regional circulation patterns.
- Frontal zones, internal waves, gravity waves, eddies, upwelling zones.
- Dust storm monitoring
The identification and estimation of cyclone eye and radius of maximum wind (R_max) are the essential parameters for the forecast of cyclone dynamics and intensity.
- Estimate the speed of ships by estimating the positions of ships by different satellites at different times
- Detecting oil spills from different sensors at different times can help monitor the spread and characteristics of oil slips.